GENERAL DEFINITIONS

For the purposes of this Code:
 
Animal


     

means a mammal, bird or bee.
 

Animal for breeding or rearing


     

means a domesticated or confined animal which is not intended for slaughter within a short time.
 

Animal for slaughter


     

means an animal intended for slaughter within a short time, under the control of the relevant Veterinary Authority.
 

Animal health status


     

means the status of a country or a zone with respect to an animal disease, according to the criteria listed in the relevant chapter of the Code dealing with the disease.
 

Apiary


     

means a collection of hives situated in the same bee-keeping establishment.
 

Approved abattoir


     

means premises used for the slaughter of animals for human consumption or animal feeding and approved by the Veterinary Administration for export purposes.
 

Area of direct transit


     

means a special area established in a transit country, approved by the relevant Veterinary Administration and placed under its immediate control, where animals stay for a short time pending further transport to their final destination.
 

Artificial insemination centre


     

means a facility for the production of semen approved by the Veterinary Administration and used exclusively for donor animals which meet the conditions set out in this Code.
 

Border post


     

means any airport, or any port, railway station or road check-point open to international trade of commodities, where import veterinary inspections can be performed.
 

Breeding birds


     

means birds kept for the purpose of producing hatching eggs.
 

Case


     

means an individual animal affected by an infectious or parasitic disease.
 

Central Bureau


     

means the Permanent Secretariat of the Office International des Epizooties which headquarters are:
 

     

12, rue de Prony, 75017 Paris, FRANCE

     

Telephone: 33-(0)1 44 15 18 88

     

Fax: 33-(0)1 42 67 09 87

     

Electronic mail: oie[at]oie(dot)int

     

WWW: http://www.oie.int
 

Code


     

means the OIE International Animal Health Code.
 

Collecting centre


     

means premises or place in which animals for breeding, rearing or slaughter coming from different establishments or markets are collected together and which is:
 

     

a)   

under the control of an Official Veterinarian;
 

     

b)   

not located in an infected zone;
 

     

c)   

used only for animals for breeding, rearing or slaughter which meet the conditions of the Code;
 

     

d)   

disinfected before and after use.
 

Collection centre


     

means a facility approved by the Veterinary Administration for the collection of embryos/ova and used exclusively for donor animals which meet the conditions of the Code.
 

Commodity


     

means animals, products of animal origin intended for human consumption, for animal feeding, for pharmaceutical or surgical use or for agricultural or industrial use, semen, embryos/ova, biological products and pathological material.
 

Day-old birds


     

means birds aged not more than 72 hours after hatching.
 

Disinfection


     

means the application, after thorough cleansing, of procedures intended to destroy the infectious or parasitic agents of animal diseases, including zoonoses; this applies to premises, vehicles and different objects which may have been directly or indirectly contaminated.
 

Disinsectisation


     

means the application of procedures intended to eliminate arthropods which may cause diseases or are potential vectors of infectious agents of animal diseases, including zoonoses.
 

Establishment


     

means the premises in which animals are kept.
 

Exporting country


     

means a country from which commodities are sent to another country.
 

Flock of birds


     

means any group of birds continuously housed in one building or part of a building separated from other parts of that building by a solid partition and having its own ventilation system, or, in the case of free range birds, any group of birds having common access to one or more buildings or houses. More than one flock of birds may exist in one establishment.
 

Free zone


     

means a clearly defined territory within a country in which no case of a disease included in the Code has been reported during the period stated for such a disease in the Code, and within which and at the borders of which official veterinary control is effectively applied for animals and animal products, and their transportation.
 

Fresh meat


     

means meat that has not been subjected to any treatment irreversibly modifying its organoleptic and physicochemical characteristics. This includes frozen meat, chilled meat, minced meat and mechanically recovered meat.
 

Hatching eggs


     

means fertilised bird eggs, suitable for incubation and hatching.
 

Importing country


     

means a country that is the final destination to which commodities are sent.
 

Incidence


     

means the number of new cases or outbreaks of a disease that occur in a population at risk in a particular geographical area within a defined time interval.
 

Incubation period


     

means the longest period which elapses between the introduction of the pathogen into the animal and the occurrence of the first clinical signs of the disease.
 

Infected zone


     

means a clearly defined territory within a country in which a disease included in this Code has been diagnosed. This area must be clearly defined and decreed by the Veterinary Authority taking into consideration the environment, the different ecological and geographical factors as well as all the epidemiological factors and types of animal husbandry being practised.
 

     

The territory in question should be part of a country with a radius from the centre or centres of the disease of at least 10 kilometres in areas with intensive livestock-raising and 50 kilometres in areas where extensive livestock-raising is practised.
 

     

Within and at the border of an infected zone, there must be effective official veterinary control in operation for animals and animal products, and their transportation.
 

     

The length of time during which the infected zone is maintained will vary depending on the disease and the animal health measures and control methods applied.
 

Infective period


     

means the longest period during which an affected animal can be a source of infection.
 

International veterinary certificate


     

means a certificate, issued in conformity with the provisions of Chapter 1.2.2., describing the animal health and/or public health requirements which are fulfilled by the exported commodities.
 

International trade


     

means importation, exportation and transit of commodities.
 

Laboratory


     

means a properly equipped institution staffed by technically competent personnel under the control of a specialist in veterinary diagnostic methods, who is responsible for the validity of the results. The Veterinary Administration approves and monitors such laboratories with regard to the diagnostic tests required for international trade.
 

Laying birds


     

means birds kept for the purpose of producing eggs not intended for hatching.
 

List A


     

means the List of transmissible diseases which have the potential for very serious and rapid spread, irrespective of national borders, which are of serious socio-economic or public health consequence and which are of major importance in the international trade of animals and animal products. Reports are submitted to the OIE as often as necessary to comply with Articles 1.1.3.2. and 1.1.3.3. Diseases in List A are set out in Article 1.1.2.1. of the Code.
 

List B


     

means the List of transmissible diseases which are considered to be of socio-economic and/or public health importance within countries and which are significant in the international trade of animals and animal products. Reports are normally submitted once a year, although more frequent reporting may in some cases be necessary to comply with Articles 1.1.3.2. and 1.1.3.3. Diseases in List B are set out in Articles 1.1.2.2. to 1.1.2.10. of the Code.
 

Manual


     

means the OIE Manual of Standards for Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines.
 

Market


     

means a market which is:
 

     

a)   

placed under the control of an Official Veterinarian;
 

     

b)   

not located in an infected zone;
 

     

c)   

used only for animals for breeding, rearing or slaughter which conform with the conditions provided in the Code;
 

     

d)   

disinfected before and after use.
 

Meat


     

means all edible parts of an animal.
 

Meat-and-bone meal


     

means the solid protein products obtained when animal tissues are rendered, and includes any intermediate protein product other than peptides of a molecular weight less than 10,000 daltons and amino-acids.
 

Meat products


     

means meat that has been subjected to a treatment irreversibly modifying its organoleptic and physicochemical characteristics.
 

Modified stamping-out policy


     

see stamping-out policy.
 

Notifiable disease


     

means a disease listed by the Veterinary Administration, and that, as soon as detected or suspected, must be brought to the attention of the Veterinary Authority.
 

Notification


     

means the procedure by which:
 

     

a)   

the Veterinary Administration informs the Central Bureau,
 

     

b)   

the Central Bureau informs Veterinary Administrations,
 

     

of the suspicion or confirmation of an outbreak of disease, according to the provisions of Chapter 1.1.3. of this Code.
 

Official control programme


     

means a programme which is approved, and managed or supervised by the Veterinary Administration of a country for the purpose of controlling a pathogen or disease by specific measures applied throughout that country or within a zone or zones of that country.
 

Official Veterinarian


     

means a veterinarian authorised by the Veterinary Administration of the country to perform animal health and/or public health inspections of commodities and, when appropriate, perform certification in conformity with the provisions of Section 1.2. of this Code.
 

Official veterinary control


     

means that the Veterinary Authority knows the location of the animals and the identity of their owner or responsible keeper and is able to apply appropriate animal health measures, as required.
 

Outbreak of disease


     

means an occurrence of one of the diseases in OIE List A or List B in an agricultural establishment, breeding establishment or premises, including all buildings and all adjoining premises, where animals are present.
 

     

Where it cannot be defined in this way, the outbreak shall be considered as occurring in the part of the territory in which, taking local conditions into account, it cannot be guaranteed that both susceptible and non-susceptible animals have had no direct contact with affected or suspected cases in that area.
 

     

For example, in the case of certain parts of Africa, an outbreak means the occurrence of the disease within a sixteenth square degree; the occurrence is still referred to as an outbreak even though the disease may occur in several places within the same sixteenth square degree.
 

Pathological material


     

means samples obtained from live or dead animals, containing or suspected of containing infectious or parasitic agents, to be sent to a laboratory.
 

Place of shipment


     

means the place where the commodities are loaded into the vehicle or handed to the agency that will transport them to another country.
 

Prevalence


     

means the total number of cases or outbreaks of a disease that are present in a population at risk, in a particular geographical area, at one specified time.
 

Products of animal origin intended for human consumption


     

means fresh meat, meat products, gelatin, eggs, egg products, milk, milk products and honey when intended for human consumption.
 

Products of animal origin intended for agricultural or industrial use


     

means products of animal origin, except those intended for food for human consumption, pharmaceutical or surgical purposes and animal feeding.
 

Products of animal origin intended for pharmaceutical or surgical use


     

means animal organs, tissues and organic fluids to be used in the preparation of pharmaceutical products or of surgical devices.
 

Products of animal origin intended for use in animal feeding


     

means meat-meal, liver-meal, bone-meal, blood-meal, feather-meal, pork fat and milk products when intended for use in animal feeding.
 

Quality


     

is defined by International Standard ISO 8402 as 'the totality of characteristics of an entity that bear on its ability to satisfy stated and implied needs'.
 

Quarantine station


     

means a facility under the control of the Veterinary Authority where a group of animals is maintained in isolation, with no direct or indirect contact with other animals, in order to undergo observation for a specified length of time and, if appropriate, testing and treatment.
 

Stamping-out policy


     

means carrying out under the authority of the Veterinary Administration, on confirmation of a disease, the killing of the animals which are affected and those suspected of being affected in the herd and, where appropriate, those in other herds which have been exposed to infection by direct animal to animal contact, or by indirect contact of a kind likely to cause the transmission of the causal pathogen. All susceptible animals, vaccinated or unvaccinated, on an infected premises should be killed and their carcasses destroyed by burning or burial, or by any other method which will eliminate the spread of infection through the carcasses or products of the animals killed.
 

     

This policy should be accompanied by the cleansing and disinfection procedures defined in the Code.
 

     

The term modified stamping-out policy should be used in communications to the OIE whenever the above animal health measures are not implemented in full and details of the modifications should be given.
 

Transit country


     

means a country through which commodities destined for an importing country are transported or in which a stopover is made at a border post.
 

Vehicle


     

Means any method of transport by land, air or water.
 

Veterinary Administration


     

means the governmental Veterinary Service having authority in the whole country for implementing the animal health measures and international veterinary certification process which the OIE recommends, and supervising or auditing their application.
 

Veterinary Authority


     

means a Veterinary Service, under the authority of the Veterinary Administration, which is directly responsible for the application of animal health measures in a specified area of the country. It may also have responsibility for the issuing or the supervision of the issuing of international veterinary certificates in that area.
 

Veterinary Services


     

The Veterinary Services comprise the Veterinary Administration and all the Veterinary Authorities.