The State Government, with financial assistance from Govt. of India has launched a massive programme of Restructuring of Breeding Operations in cattle in the State under the project National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB). To implement this programme, A.P Livestock Development Agency (APLDA) has been established and started functioning from April 2000.
Andhra Pradesh Livestock Development Agency (APLDA) at state level, with 13 Area Livestock Development Associations (ALDAs) at district level, is functioning to carry out the Cattle and Buffalo Breeding Operations in the state. ALDAs have promotional and developmental role, arranging services for cattle & buffalo development.
The Executive Committee (EC) of APLDA is delegated with all powers for running the organization. The EC is headed by the Chairman, presently the Special Chief Secretary to Govt., AH, DD & F Dept., Hyderabad is discharging the functions as Chairman. The Executive Committee consists of 20 members.
Objectives of APLDA:
- The main objective is to expand Artificial Insemination to cover total breedable bovine population at farmer’s doorstep aiming to productivity optimization through improved breeding and through a system of recycling of revenue, making itself sustainable.
- To canalise all the inputs needed to provide Artificial Insemination facility.
- To regulate and ensure quality control of inputs and services rendered by the field workers.
Functions of APLDA:
- Production and procurement of quality inputs like Frozen Semen, Liquid Nitrogen and AI equipment, and their proper supply on cost effective basis for crossbreeding and up-gradation of cattle and buffaloes.
- Strengthening and expansion of field AI network and maintenance of quality AI services through effective monitoring, supervision and quality control.
- Maintenance and Development of Indigenous Germplasm (Ongole) in the breeding tracts of the state.
- Generation of Self-employment for educated unemployed rural youth as private Artificial Insemination practitioners (Gopalamitras).
- Educating the farmers on breeding activities and reproductive management.
- Collection of data, analysis, generation of reports, periodical review and study the impact of the project.
Doorstep AI Programme through Gopalamitras:
The educated unemployed rural youth are selected from the local area and are trained in doorstep AI. The villages, which are not covered under the jurisdiction (3 Kms radius) of Departmental Vety. Institution and which are potentially sound with 1500 to 2000 number of breedable population falling under 4-5 contiguous villages with an access to transportation of breeding inputs (FS & LN) are selected for establishment of Gopalamitra centers.
Following criteria is followed in selection of the candidates. He/She should belong to the local area.
- He/She should have passed 10th class
- He/She should be above 18 years of age.
- The selected candidates should be willing to invest for a vehicle or get loan for mobility.
The selected candidates are given training in handling of doorstep AI and first aid for a period of 4 months.
Each Gopalamitra will be given the Equipment required for doorstep AI in field. In addition to the AI, the Gopalamitras will be given training in handling the first aid cases, Vaccinations and fodder development activities. Which will give an additional income to the Gopalamitra whenever he attends the services at the doorstep of farmers?
All the Gopalamitras will work under the respective Area Livestock Development Associations (ALDAs) formed all over the state. The selection and earmarking the area for their work will be done by the Committee formed by the respective ALDA. Each Gopalamitra will be given license to work in his jurisdiction and he will work under the guidance of ALDA.