GOVERNMENT OF ANDHRA PRADESH
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEPARTMENT
BUDGET PROPOSAL UNDER STATE PLAN SCHEMES
FOR THE YEAR 2013-14
I. Infrastructure & Vety.Services Development:
- Mobile Veterinary Clinics: Proposed (Rs.408.90 Lakhs)
Under this programme all the departmental activities will be provided to the farmers at their doorstep. At present 15 Mobile Veterinary Clinics are functioning in remote tribal areas of the state. The staff of the Mobile Veterinary Clinic will exclusively visit the remote villages by giving schedule and also to attend emergencies services to the farmers besides regular work of treatment, AI services and vaccination programmes. During the year 2013-14, it is proposed to continue 15 Mobile Veterinary Clinics with the proposed Rs.408.90 lakhs to provide services to remote tribal area livestock
- Upgrading Vaccine Production Unit/Standardization Unit / Disease Diagnostics ( Rs.200.00 Lakhs)
Under this scheme the vaccine production units diagnostic and testing units will be strengthened with infrastructure and latest diagnostic equipment conforming to GMP and GLP standards. Under the programme Vaccine production units at Samarlakota/Hyderabad are proposed for strengthening during the year with an outlay of Rs.200.00 lakhs.
- Infrastructure support to field Veterinary Institution (RIDF)-XVIII- (Rs.38.0415 Crores)
State Government have approved Rs.100 crores project under RIDF-XVIII for infrastructure development of 403 Vety. Institutions, 52 Animal Husbandry Divisional Level training centers, 4 Regional Level Training Centers and 1 State level Training Centers. The project will be completed in 3 three years. During the year the Government have allocated Rs.3804.15 lakhs for implementation of Phase –I works.
- Artificial Insemination Centers: Rs.658.00 Lakhs
Due to vast geographical area of the state, the department alone cannot provide breeding service facilities to the entire breedable livestock population. In order to improve the breeding operations in the uncovered areas of the state the department is establishing 500 Integrated Livestock development centres (ILD) with the assistance of JK Trust Gram Vikas Yojana. 291 ILD centers are functioning and 700 AI calves to be produced per center. During the year 2013-14, it is proposed to allocate Rs.1000.00 Lakhs for functioning of ILD centers.
- Buildings: Rs.65.00 Lakhs
The Animal Husbandry Department has a large network of buildings in which different institutions are located all over the State. Most of the buildings are in dilapidated conditions. Many institutions do not have adequate space to store medicines, vaccines and fodder seed. These buildings need renovations for which an amount of Rs.65.00 lakhs is proposed during the year 2013-14 for construction of new buildings or renovation of buildings especially in Tribal areas.
II. Feed & Fodder Development:
- Under the programme improved fodder seed minikits on 75% subsidy basis will be supplied to small and marginal farmers and other weaker sections of the society. This will enable them to raise sufficient fodder for feeding their high productive livestock. During 2013-14 it is proposed to supply 10 kgs of fodder seed per beneficiary to cultivate at least 0.5 acre land to overcome fodder scarcity. To implement the programme it is proposed to allocate Rs.788.60 lakhs during the year 2013-14.
III. Livestock Development Programmes:
- Distribution of Area Based Mineral Mixture:
The milch animals become infertile and un-productive due to mineral deficiency and the mineral deficiency is varies from one place to other place due to the type of soil and feeding habits of the region. The mineral deficiency will directly influence on the fertility of the animals and the animals become infertile and unproductive. The infertile animals are a burden on the farmers who sell it at a throwaway price. By identifying the area specific mineral deficiency and providing a suitable mineral mixture on free cost for a period of 90 days, the problem of infertility can be overcome.
Under the programme, it is proposed to allocate Rs.1800.00 lakhs to provide 5 Kgs of mineral mixture to each milch animal on free of cost for three months period to cover about 5.00 lakh animals.
It is proposed to conduct various trainings to the farmers on the need based subjects, especially focused on the clean milk production and also preparation of milk products and its marketing by involving the Regional Animal Husbandry Trg. centres, District Animal Husbandry Trg. Centers and existing publicity wings in the state.
During the year 2013-14 an amount of Rs.5.28 lakhs proposed take up farmer’s trainings and extension activity up to grass root level.
- Extension & Training programme:
Milch cattle belonging to all categories of farmers will be screened for their reproductive status through conduct of fertility camps and necessary remedial measures will be provided to make them fertile besides. Due to conducting of fertility camps, the farmers will cut down the feeding cost on unproductive animals. Further the farmers can plan to get a calf in year to get maximum calves per animal in her productive life. To implement the programme it is proposed to allocate Rs.982.09 Lakhs to conduct 10,000 camps
- Supply of Milch animals/Heifer units:
At present the Self-help groups at village level are taking up dairy activity successfully as one of the income generation activity. In some districts, they are also marketing the milk procured from the farmers at village level. If we support these Self-help groups/individuals with supply of high yielding milch animals/ Heifers on 50 % subsidy basis, this will further enable them to generate regular income apart from nutritional supplementation. Further in order to up bring the ST beneficiaries from BPL status they are provided with high yielding milch animals on subsidy basis. Under the programme it is proposed to allocate Rs.253.00 lakhs to provide 600 milch animals in tribal areas.
11. Support to Gopalamitras-
a. Performance based A.I.calf incentive: Rs.50.00 Lakhs
There are about 970 SC Gopalamitras working in the state providing door step inseminations to the livestock of farmers. They are presently conducting about 4.0 lakh inseminations in a year. To encourage the SC Gopalamitras to perform more inseminations and bring more animals into productivity fold, it is proposed to provide Rs.50/- incentive per calf produced by a Gopalamitra. The estimated amount required to meet the expenditure for providing incentive for production of 1.00 lakhs calves is Rs.50.00 Lakhs per year.
b. Medical & Accidental Claim: - Rs.19.00 Lakhs
The Gopalamitras are working in rural areas covering about 8-10 villages every day in his jurisdiction. They face a risk while travelling and also performing A.I. work by handling the animals. In order to provide a sense of security to their families, it is proposed to provide Group Insurance coverage to the SC Gopalamitras with a premium of Rs.2000/- per head towards mediclaim. The total requirement of funds will be Rs.19.00 lakhs per year to cover 970 SC Gopalamitras.
c.mobility: Rs.93.00 Lakhs
It is proposed to provide Rs.10,000/- towards interest subsidy or one time subsidy for providing vehicle ( Two wheeler) to Gopalamitras for providing mobility to cover 8-10 villages in his jurisdiction so that the animals receive prompt A.I. or first aid to ailing animals within the scheduled time. It is proposed cover 970 SC Gopalamitras with an estimated cost of Rs.97.00 Lakhs.
12. Calf Rearing Programme:
Every year, a good number of high productive calves are being produced through Artificial Insemination. But due to financial constraints, farmers are unable to rear the female calves properly and convert them into productive livestock. Thus, we are not getting adequate replacement stock for the future. In the late 70’s and early 80’s, we had calf feed subsidy programmes under Special Livestock Breeding Programme (SLBP) in which calf feed was given on subsidy basis to the farmers who possess high productive female calves. This had given good impetus in creating milch animal replacement stock .During the year 2013-14, it is proposed to supply feed for 50000 calves with a total proposed cost of Rs.3170.00 Lakhs
The benefits accrued out of calf rearing programme will be in terms of the asset creation and future breeding stock for the SC families. The cost of asset created ranges between Rs.30,000/- to 50000/-basing on the production potential.
II. Sheep Development Scheme:
13. Deworming of Sheep and Goat: Rs.700.00 Lakhs
Deworming of Sheep & Goat will improve growth rate and disease resistance in Sheep and Goat. The entire Sheep and Goat population (351 Lakh) in the state will be dewormed twice in a year on free of cost basis.
During 2013-14 it is proposed to deworm 351 lakhs sheep and goat twice in a year with the proposed allocation of Rs.700.00 lakhs.
14. Assistance to Livestock Growers towards Insurance Premium
Sheep Insurance: Rs.250.00 Lakhs
In order to provide necessary financial support to shepherds to overcome the sheep losses during disease outbreaks, the entire sheep population in the state will be insured. Government will provide subsidy towards insurance premium. The rest will be borne by the beneficiary. During 2013-14, it is proposed to insure 5.00 lakh sheep with an amount of Rs. 250.00 lakhs.
15. Sheep and Goat rearing, Ram Lamb and Milch Goat Mini Units:
( 50% subsidy): Rs.2038 Lakhs
Sheep and Goat rearing:
In drought prone districts, sheep and goat rearing is taken up as one of the primary income generation activities. Sheep rearing is common in Telangana, Rayalaseema and South Coastal districts. It is proposed to distribute sheep and goat units (20+1) of recognized native breeds at unit cost of Rs.100000/- on 50 % subsidy.
The income generated out of the sheep and rearing units will be in terms of the following:
- the stock doubles within a span of one year
- 50% of the stock born will be males and can be disposed of after one year. 50% of stock (Females) will be future breeding stock.
- The total benefit out of sale of male stock will be Rs.20000/- in a year.
- The cost of breeding stock that would be available to the owner will be Rs.30000/- in one year.
Under the programme it is proposed to provide 350 units with an estimated subsidy of Rs.175.00 Lakhs.
Ram Lamb Rearing Units: (On 50% subsidy)
Though sheep rearing is one of the major income generation activities, the sheep rearers dispose of their ram lambs at very early age (4 months age) due to financial constraints. Had these lambs been reared upto one-year of age, it would have facilitated sheep growers to get additional income, besides contributing for additional meat yields.
In view of this, it is desirable to promote ram lamb rearing with adequate financial support. This activity will create employment generation to the rural youth and provides quick returns without much risk. The ram Lambs reared under this scheme can also be selected for replacement of breeding Rams.
During the year 2013-14, it is proposed benefit 100 JLG groups (5 members group) on 50% subsidy with an estimated subsidy of Rs.80.00 lakhs. Each group will be provided with 50 ram lambs along with assistance for construction of shed, supply of concentrate feed for fattening and also health care to control mortality of lambs.
The benefits accrued out of ram lamb rearing will be the increased meat production due to rearing of the lambs till the age of at least of one year instead of selling at the usual 3-5 months of age and also the availability of breeding rams for the shepherds. The approximate income from the units will be double the unit cost of the ram lambs.
Milch Goats Mini Unit: (On 50% subsidy)
Milch goats will give about one liter milk and also give an average of 4 kids per annum thereby improving the nutritional and economic status of the beneficiaries. Goat is considered as Poor Man’s Cow providing drought security to BPL families.
Under the programme, is proposed to provide 5 milch goats and one buck to each beneficiary and the allocation proposed for the year 2013-14 is Rs.45 lakhs to cover 360 beneficiaries with 50% subsidy.
The income generated from the milch goat mini unit will be in terms of the income from the sale of male kids and nutritional security to the entire family. The female kids can be utilized as future breeding stock by the family. It is estimated that the income will be double the unit cost of the milch goat mini unit.
Sheep & Goat Units, Ram lamb rearing units and Milch Goat mini units targets are interchangeable basing on the choice of the beneficiaries.
CENTRAL SECTOR/CENTRALLY SPONCERED PROGRAMMES:
The followings schemes were proposed continue under Central Sector Scheme and Rs.810 lakhs proposed as Matching State Share and Rs.5520.40 Lakhs proposed as Central Share.
1) Professional efficiency development through A.P. State Veterinary Council, Hyderabad: Veterinary Services & Veterinary Practice in the State will be regulated by registration of Veterinarians and publishing technical articles every month. The A.P. Veterinary Council has proposed to impart refreshing training courses to in service candidates in addition to the primary mandate.
2) Integrated Sample Survey for estimation of production of Major Livestock products in the State: Under this scheme, we have to collect the data on Major Livestock products like Milk, Meat Eggs and Wool production of the State to arrive at the contribution of Livestock Sector to GSDP. It is mandatory for all states to estimate these items.
3) ASCAD (Assistance to States for control of Animal Diseases) : The main objective of the scheme is to upgrade and strengthen the vaccine production facilities and also for purchase of vaccines to protect Livestock against economically important diseases. Apart from this, training of field staff is also covered under this programme. The programme is implemented with the assistance of GoI with 75% and 25% state matching state share.
4) Establishment and Strengthening of Veterinary hospitals and dispensaries: The main objective of the scheme is to provide better animal health and enable livestock owners to realize full potential of their livestock and make optimum economic gains. The department has a large network of buildings in which different institutions are located all over the state. Most of the buildings are in dilapidated condition, many institutions do not have space to store medicines vaccines and fodder seed. The buildings which need establishment and strengthening of Veterinary hospitals and dispensaries. The assistance under the centrally sponsored scheme with 75% central share and 25% state share for implementation.
5) Fodder and feed development – power driven chaff cutters : At present there is wastage of 40% of dry fodder due to non-chaffing. To minimize the losses, the fodder should chaffed and fed to the animals. The assistance under the scheme will provided by 75% Central Government as one time grant out of the total cost of Rs. 5000/- per unit or 75% cost of the chaff cutter or whichever is less. The balance 25% share has to be met by the beneficiary.
6) Fodder and feed development – Azolla cultivation and production: To encourage production of Azolla as an alternate source of green fodder, which is good source protein to replace costlier conventional protein rich concentrate in the livestock ration. The assistance under the scheme will be provided 50% by Central Government and 50% by states or implementing agency.
7) Fodder and feed development – fodder seed procurement and distribution: To promote cultivation of superior variety of fodder for fodder seed (breeder, foundation and certified seed) production by creating assured market and distribution of seeds among the farmers. The assistance under the scheme will be provided 75% by Central Government and 25% share by states or implementing agency.
8) Fodder and feed development – Establishment of silage making unit The objective of the scheme is to establish silage making unit to preserve surplus fodder for feeding during lean periods. The salient feature of the scheme is during the period surplus supply of green fodder, farmers are to be encouraged to take up silage making to make the quality fodder available during lean (shortage) period of fodder. 100% grant in aid by Central Government for establishment of silage making unit @ Rs. 1.05 lakhs.
9) Fodder and feed development – Grassland development including grass reserves: The main objective of the scheme is the degraded grasslands will be slowly improved by introducing suitable grass, legumes and fodder trees (by silvipasteur etc). The extensive erosion presently taking place in the lands will be minimized and the biomass produced will help to minimize the gap between availability and requirement of fodder. The forage obtained from the lands will be utilized as reserves by establishing fodder banks and depots. The assistance under the scheme will be provided as 100% central assistance.
10) National Project on Rinderpest Eradication (NPRE): The post vaccination sero monitoring and surveillance work is under way in the state. This is continued to declare the State free from Rinderpest disease that will help us increase our Livestock export.
11) 19th Quinquinneal Livestock census: The enumeration of 1.62 crore household wise livestock, farm equipment and fisheries census data of entire state is completed. After tabulation and compilation, a compendium of final data will be submitted to Government of India. This data will be useful for planning of various schemes suited to all categories of livestock farmers and also to provide effective livestock service delivery mechanism throughout the state.
12) Foot and Mouth disease control programme: It is meant to protect the livestock against foot and mouth disease. It is being taken up in the state with two rounds of free vaccination in a year so as to make these districts as disease free zones. This will enable us to improve our livestock exports to other countries as per WTO guidelines.
13) NATIONAL CONTROL PROGRAMME ON BRUCELLOSIS (NCPB):
Brucellosis is an economically important disease of livestock, which is also zoonotic in nature. The disease is of zoonotic importance and mainly an occupational hazard i.e. Animal Husbandry staff, farmers, shepherds, milk and meat handlers but common public are also affected due to consumption of un-pasteurized infected milk and milk products.
The control of brucellosis can effectively done by elimination of infected animals in the villages and vaccination of female calves (4 – 8 months age) in highly infected herds. The objective of the programme is mass screening of livestock in all the villages and followed by vaccination of female calves (4 – 8 months of age) in all districts.
14) NATIONAL CONTROL PROGRAMME ON PESTE DES PETITS IN RUMINANTS (PPR) : Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR) is an acute, contagious viral disease of small ruminants. The Sheep and goat rearing in the state is in the hands of small and marginal farmers and landless labour. This disease causes severe economic losses to the sheep and goats rearing community, as the mortality and morbidity with this disease is very high.
It is very much essential to prevent and control the disease in the state. Apart from preventing losses to the sheep and goat farmers, the export potentiality of meat and meat products will also increase if PPR disease free zones are created. The control of PPR disease will help in prevention of economic losses to the farmers and also helps in export of meat and meat products to other countries.